The Mediterranean coral Cladocora caespitosa: A proxy for past climate fluctuations?

A. Peirano, C. Morri, C.N. Bianchi, J. Aguirre, F. Antonioli, G. Calzetta, L. Carobene, G. Mastronuzzi, P. Orrù

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Abstract

Sclerochronology was applied to recent, Holocene and Pleistocene samples of Cladocora caespitosa. Late Pliocene samples were recrystallised and thus unsuitable for sclerochronology. Quaternary samples showed a clear, alternating banding pattern as in the living coral, confirming a marked seasonality of past climate. The computed mean annual growth rates ranged from 2.1 to 6.9 mm year-1, with highest growth rates during the warmer phase (isotope stage 5e) of the first climate cycle. It is hypothesised that the largest fossil banks of C. caespitosa grew in a coastal environment with considerable alluvial inputs and warmer temperatures than today. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195 - 200
Number of pages6
JournalGlobal and Planetary Change
Volume40
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Oceanography

Cite this

Peirano, A., Morri, C., Bianchi, C. N., Aguirre, J., Antonioli, F., Calzetta, G., ... Orrù, P. (2004). The Mediterranean coral Cladocora caespitosa: A proxy for past climate fluctuations? Global and Planetary Change, 40(1-2), 195 - 200. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8181(03)00110-3