The radiation fields around a proton therapy facility: A comparison of Monte Carlo simulations

G. Ottaviano, L. Picardi, M. Pillon, C. Ronsivalle, S. Sandri

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A proton therapy test facility with a beam current lower than 10. nA in average, and an energy up to 150. MeV, is planned to be sited at the Frascati ENEA Research Center, in Italy. The accelerator is composed of a sequence of linear sections. The first one is a commercial 7. MeV proton linac, from which the beam is injected in a SCDTL (Side Coupled Drift Tube Linac) structure reaching the energy of 52. MeV. Then a conventional CCL (coupled Cavity Linac) with side coupling cavities completes the accelerator. The linear structure has the important advantage that the main radiation losses during the acceleration process occur to protons with energy below 20. MeV, with a consequent low production of neutrons and secondary radiation. From the radiation protection point of view the source of radiation for this facility is then almost completely located at the final target. Physical and geometrical models of the device have been developed and implemented into radiation transport computer codes based on the Monte Carlo method. The scope is the assessment of the radiation field around the main source for supporting the safety analysis. For the assessment independent researchers used two different Monte Carlo computer codes named FLUKA (FLUktuierende KAskade) and MCNPX (Monte Carlo N-Particle eXtended) respectively. Both are general purpose tools for calculations of particle transport and interactions with matter, covering an extended range of applications including proton beam analysis. Nevertheless each one utilizes its own nuclear cross section libraries and uses specific physics models for particle types and energies. The models implemented into the codes are described and the results are presented. The differences between the two calculations are reported and discussed pointing out disadvantages and advantages of each code in the specific application. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236 - 239
Number of pages4
JournalRadiation Physics and Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation

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