This work presents a summary of experimental data on the oxygen solubility-speciation properties of alkali molten carbonates that have been obtained by the authors through the development of a highly sensitive analysis method. The purpose of this summary is to show in particular the effect of foreign cation additions on both oxygen solubility and dissolution mechanisms at 650°C. Our findings may be used to clearly indicate that rare earth and magnesium cations are the most effective in enabling oxygen solubility and basicity/oxidizing melt properties. The second part of this work reports new experimental results concerning the effect of simultaneous additions of La and Mg cations to an eutectic Li/Na carbonate system. A dramatic increase in oxygen solubility and active peroxide oxygen species has been found, thus revealing a strong synergistic effect of rare earth and alkaline earth cations on the molten carbonate oxygen chemistry. The results of this investigation suggest therefore that foreign cation addition is a potentially attractive option to design alkali molten carbonate salts with a high oxidizing power. Copyright © 2014, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Frangini, S., & Scaccia, S. (2014). The role of foreign cations in enhancing the oxygen solubility properties of alkali molten carbonate systems: Brief survey of existing data and new research results. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 39(23), 12266 - 12272. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.02.042