The role of foreign cations in enhancing the oxygen solubility properties of alkali molten carbonate systems: Brief survey of existing data and new research results

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This work presents a summary of experimental data on the oxygen solubility-speciation properties of alkali molten carbonates that have been obtained by the authors through the development of a highly sensitive analysis method. The purpose of this summary is to show in particular the effect of foreign cation additions on both oxygen solubility and dissolution mechanisms at 650°C. Our findings may be used to clearly indicate that rare earth and magnesium cations are the most effective in enabling oxygen solubility and basicity/oxidizing melt properties. The second part of this work reports new experimental results concerning the effect of simultaneous additions of La and Mg cations to an eutectic Li/Na carbonate system. A dramatic increase in oxygen solubility and active peroxide oxygen species has been found, thus revealing a strong synergistic effect of rare earth and alkaline earth cations on the molten carbonate oxygen chemistry. The results of this investigation suggest therefore that foreign cation addition is a potentially attractive option to design alkali molten carbonate salts with a high oxidizing power. Copyright © 2014, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12266 - 12272
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 4 Aug 2014


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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