The SPARC project: A high brightness electron beam source at LNF to drive a SASE-FEL experiment

D. Alesini, S. Bertolucci, M.E. Biagini, C. Biscari, R. Boni, M. Boscolo, M. Castellano, A. Clozza, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, A. Esposito, M. Ferrario, V. Fusco, A. Gallo, A. Ghigo, S. Guiducci, M. Incurvati, C. Ligi, F. Marcellini, M. MiglioratiC. Milardi, L. Palumbo, L. Pellegrino, M. Preger, P. Raimondi, R. Ricci, C. Sanelli, M. Serio, F. Sgamma, B. Spataro, A. Stecchi, A. Stella, F. Tazzioli, C. Vaccarezza, M. Vescovi, C. Vicario, M. Zobov, F. Alessandria, A. Bacci, I. Boscolo, F. Broggi, S. Cialdi, C. DeMartinis, D. Giove, C. Maroli, V. Petrillo, M. Romè, L. Serafini, D. Levi, M. Mattioli, G. Medici, L. Catani, E. Chiadroni, S. Tazzari, R. Bartolini, F. Ciocci, G. Dattoli, A. Doria, F. Flora, G.P. Gallerano, L. Giannessi, E. Giovenale, G. Messina, L. Mezi, P.L. Ottaviani, L. Picardi, M. Quattromini, A. Renieri, C. Ronsivalle, A. Cianchi, A. D'Angelo, R. Di Salvo, A. Fantini, D. Moricciani, C. Schaerf, J.B. Rosenzweig

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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The Project SPARC (Sorgente Pulsata e Amplificata di Radiazione Coerente), proposed by a collaboration among ENEA-INFN-CNR-Università di Roma Tor Vergata-INFM-ST, was recently funded by the Italian Government. The aim of the project is to promote an R&D activity oriented to the development of a coherent ultra-brilliant X-ray source in Italy (SPARX proposal). The SPARC collaboration identified a program based on two main issues: the generation of ultra-high peak brightness electron beams and experimental study of SASE-FEL process with generation of resonant higher harmonics. The SPARC project is being designed in order to encompass the construction of an advanced photo-injector producing a 150-200 MeV beam to drive a SASE-FEL in the optical range. The machine will be built at LNF, inside an underground bunker: it is comprised of an if gun driven by a Ti:Sa laser, injecting into three SLAC accelerating sections. We foresee conducting investigations on the emittance correction and on the rf compression techniques, which are expected to increase the peak current achievable at the injector exit up to kA level, with proper preservation of the transverse emittance. Although the system is expected to drive a FEL experiment, it can be used also to investigate beam physics issues like surface-roughness-induced wake fields, bunch-length measurements in the sub-ps range, emittance degradation in magnetic compressors due to CSR, and Compton backscattering production of sub-ps X-ray pulses.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes
EventPAC 2003 - Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference - , United States
Duration: 1 Jan 2003 → …


ConferencePAC 2003 - Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference
CountryUnited States
Period1/1/03 → …


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Alesini, D., Bertolucci, S., Biagini, M. E., Biscari, C., Boni, R., Boscolo, M., ... Rosenzweig, J. B. (2003). The SPARC project: A high brightness electron beam source at LNF to drive a SASE-FEL experiment. Paper presented at PAC 2003 - Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference, United States.