The thermal measurement system for the SPIDER beam source

M. Dalla Palma, N. Pomaro, L. Trevisan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)


The SPIDER test facility is under construction in Padova to verify the ion beam characteristics and to test the beam source operation under conditions consistent with the ITER neutral beam requirements. Thermal measurements will be performed on the beam source by installing thermocouples that will be used for different purposes: (a) diagnostic, such as for the reconstruction of the thermal map on the component surface for the evaluation of the thermal load distribution, plasma generation and beam extraction uniformity, (b) operational for the recognition of different experiment conditions such as the determination of the beginning of plasma extraction and acceleration related to caesium monolayer deposition, and (c) protective, for the verification of the components thermal reliability under the allowed maximum temperatures. The thermal measurements will be made with N type thermocouples based on mineral insulated cables 0.8 mm outer diameter, with grounded (not insulated) junctions. This specific thermocouple type guarantees minimal rise time and also ensures that the electric potential of the thermal sensor is always the same as that of the component, thus avoiding dangerous over-voltages in particular during grid-to-grid breakdowns. Rationale of the thermocouples design and layout is presented in this work. The paper also describes the thermocouple fixing systems that have been developed in detail and tested with prototypes in order to guarantee the thermal contact between the sensing junction and the component material. The signal isolation and conditioning systems have been designed considering the different voltages of the components with respect to ground and the response time of thermal sensors. Furthermore, voltage measurements integrated with thermal measurements will be acquired in order to develop a robust measurement system by correlating signals obtained from different transducers. © 2011 Consorzio RFX Associazione Euratom ENEA sulla Fusione. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1328 - 1331
Number of pages4
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue number6-8
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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