The upgraded laser in vessel viewing system (IVVS) for ITER

C. Neri, A. Coletti, M. Ferri de Collibus, G. Fornetti, F. Pollastrone

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5 Citations (Scopus)


A prototype of a laser in vessel viewing and ranging system was developed at ENEA laboratories in Frascati, it uses the amplitude modulated laser radar concept and it is conceived to withstand the severe ITER conditions. The in vessel viewing system (IVVS) probe has been designed and built to perform sub-millimetric three-dimensional images inside ITER; it is based on an intrinsically radiation resistant concept and architecture. A first characterization of the IVVS probe under room conditions was made at Frascati Labs on a full-scale mock-up of the ITER first wall panel (FWP) and of the divertor vertical target. The first characterization demonstrated that an upgrade of the IVVS performances was necessary especially to cope with divertor surfaces made of carbon material, which is highly absorbent from optical point of view. The paper describes the new developments of IVVS prototype to increase range measurement performances that was obtained increasing the modulation frequency, the optical efficiency of the probe optics and the laser power. A new test campaign has been carried out on the upgraded IVVS and a compact characteristic curve describing its performances has been found both in mathematical and graphical form. As far as viewing is concerned, the system has confirmed the sub-millimetric viewing resolution, reaching in the worst cases ∼1 mm of resolution. The image quality was excellent in almost all the cases. The range measurement performance of IVVS system has been strongly upgraded reducing the standard deviation of range measure of a factor varying from 6 to 12. The increased performance allows measuring surface shapes and erosion on first wall tiles and divertor also for inclination angles completely outside the previous IVVS characteristics. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224 - 228
Number of pages5
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue number2-6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Neri, C., Coletti, A., Ferri de Collibus, M., Fornetti, G., & Pollastrone, F. (2009). The upgraded laser in vessel viewing system (IVVS) for ITER. Fusion Engineering and Design, 84(2-6), 224 - 228.