The Western Mediterranean Deep Water: A proxy for climate change

M. Rixen, J.-M. Beckers, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, T. Boyer, C. Maillard, M. Fichaut, E. Balopoulos, S. Iona, H. Dooley, M.-J. Garcia, B. Manca, A. Giorgetti, G. Manzella, N. Mikhailov, N. Pinardi, M. Zavatarelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

219 Citations (Scopus)


Reconstructions of Mediterranean ocean temperature fields back to 1950 show a proxy relationship between heat content changes in the North Atlantic and the Western Mediterranean Deep Water (WMDW) formed in the Gulf of Lions in winter, because of consistent air-sea heat fluxes over these areas, strongly correlated to the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO). Copyright 2005 by the American Geophysical Union.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 4
Number of pages4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2005
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Rixen, M., Beckers, J-M., Levitus, S., Antonov, J., Boyer, T., Maillard, C., ... Zavatarelli, M. (2005). The Western Mediterranean Deep Water: A proxy for climate change. Geophysical Research Letters, 32(12), 1 - 4.