Theoretical analysis of a pure hydrogen production separation plant for fuel cells dynamical applications

L. Capobianco, Z. Del Prete, P. Schiavetti, V. Violante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article proposes a mathematical model and develops the numerical simulation of a single stage hydrogen production-separation process during transient behaviour, suited for proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell (FC) applications. Methanol reforming process is performed in a commercial catalytic membrane reactor (CMR), filled with a commercial ZnO-CuO, alumina supported catalyst. The permeate hydrogen is accumulated in a reservoir volume (buffer) connected to the permeate side. This configuration was studied in order to avoid the feed back control of the reactor feeding, even when transient power loads to the cell are applied. By numerical simulation, we verified that the system comprised by the CMR and the PEM, with an appropriate constant reactor feeding flow, is always self-sustaining so that the hydrogen demand by the FC can be satisfied at all power regimes. The achievement of this goal was obtained by redistribution of the hydrogen produced in the reactor between the buffer and the exhaust tail gases. Only the control of two independent variables of the system, such as reactor temperature and pressure, are needed, therefore, the configuration proposed here results in a simplified approach to the control strategy for the entire system. We apply the theoretical analysis to a pilot plant designed and assembled at the University of Rome "La Sapienza", in order to verify its functional parameters and the theoretical performance of the system before its real operation. © 2006 International Association for Hydrogen Energy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1079 - 1090
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2006
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrochemistry
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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