Thermal and nonthermal electron cyclotron emission by high-temperature tokamak plasmas

A. Airoldi, G. Ramponi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


An analysis of the electron cyclotron emission (ECE) spectra emitted by a high-temperature tokamak plasma in the frequency range of the second and third harmonic of the electron cyclotron frequency is made, both in purely Maxwellian and in non-Maxwellian cases (i.e., in the presence of a current-carrying superthermal tail). The work is motivated mainly by the experimental observations made in the supershot plasmas of the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR), where a systematic disagreement is found between the Temeasurements by second-harmonic ECE and Thomson scattering. We show that, by properly taking into account the overlap of superthermals-emitted third harmonic with second-harmonic bulk emission, the radiation temperature observed about the central frequency of the second harmonic may be enhanced up to 30%-40% compared to the corresponding thermal value. Moreover we show that, for parameters relevant to the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) with Te(0)>7 keV, the overlap between the second and the downshifted third harmonic seriously affects the central plasma region, so that the X-mode emission at the second harmonic becomes unsuitable for local Temeasurements. © 1997 American Institute of Physics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509 - 512
Number of pages4
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation

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