Thermal conversion of gels to YBa

A. Deptula, T. Olczak, W. Lada, K.C. Goretta, A. Di Bartolomeo, A. Brignocchi

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Thermal conversion of acetate-derived gels to YBa2Cu3Ox (Y-123), Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox (Bi-2212), and (Bi, Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3Ox (Bi-2223) has been studied by thermal analysis, x-ray diffraction, and infrared spectroscopy. Carbonates formed above 200 °C during thermal treatment of all gels. Decomposition of the carbonates proved to be more difficult for Y-123 than for Bi-2212 or Bi-2223. However, all of the gels that were heated contained significant amounts of carbon after calcination. Complete decarbonization of materials was attained by treating the intermediate phases (e.g., those formed after calcination at 600 °C) with nitric acid and then subjecting them to a final thermal treatment. Removal of carbonates from the intermediate phases strongly accelerated formation of the superconducting compounds.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1996
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Deptula, A., Olczak, T., Lada, W., Goretta, K. C., Di Bartolomeo, A., & Brignocchi, A. (1996). Thermal conversion of gels to YBa. Journal of Materials Research, 11(1), 1 - 7.