Thermal-hydraulic characteristics of single-phase flow in capillary pipes

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The objective of the present paper is to provide a general overview of the research carried out so far in single-phase heat transfer and flow in capillary (micro) pipes. Laminar flow and laminar-to- turbulent flow transition are analyzed in detail in order to clarify the discrepancies among the results obtained by different researchers. Experiments performed in the ENEA laboratory indicate that in laminar flow regime the friction factor is in good agreement with the Hagen-Poiseuille theory for Reynolds number below 600-800. For higher values of Reynolds number, experimental data depart from the Hagen-Poiseuille law to the side of higher f values. The transition from laminar to turbulent regime occurs for Reynolds number in the range 1800-2500. Diabatic experiments show that heat transfer correlations in laminar and turbulent regimes, developed for conventional tubes, are not properly adequate for heat transfer coefficient prediction in microtubes. © 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87 - 95
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental Thermal and Fluid Science
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 2004


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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