Time dependence and excitation spectra of the photoluminescence emission at 1.54 μm in Si-nanocluster and Er co-doped silica

M. Falconieri, E. Borsella, F. Enrichi, G. Franzò, F. Priolo, F. Iacona, F. Gourbilleau, R. Rizk

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Abstract

The risetime of the 1.54 μm luminescence emission in Er:Si-nc co-doped glasses provides information on the mechanisms leading to population of the luminescent level, i.e. on the energy transfer time. In this paper we present a detailed study of this risetime in silica glasses after excitation in the wavelength region 360-860 nm by a continuously tunable pulsed Ti:Al2O3laser. The emission risetime turns out to be dependent on the sample fabrication method used, i.e. implantation or co-sputtering and on the annealing temperature used to precipitate the silicon aggregates. The fastest energy transfer time observed in our samples is τtr≤ 2 μs. The risetime was found to be weakly dependent on the excitation wavelength up to around 700 nm where a sudden increase is observed. This increase is more pronounced in samples where the annealing temperature was such to produce amorphous aggregates rather than crystalline ones. The difference in the nature of electronic states excited by near-infrared pumping in the two types of samples containing crystalline or amorphous aggregates is also evidenced by CW photoluminescence excitation (PLE) measurements which reflect the absorption coefficient of the sensitizing centers. In samples containing amorphous aggregates we observe an exponential dependence of the PL emission intensity versus excitation energy, which is indicative of an Urbach tail due to the disordered structure of aggregates. In the sample containing crystalline aggregates we observe an indirect interband transition behavior, with an energy gap of 1.56 eV. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)884 - 889
Number of pages6
JournalOptical Materials
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2005
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Computer Science(all)
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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