Tolerance analysis of assemblies with sculptured components in composites materials: Comparison between an analytical method and a simulation approach

Rocco Ascione, Wilma Polini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to compare two different tools for tolerance analysis. Tolerance analysis is an important task to design and manufacture high-precision mechanical assemblies; it has received considerable attention in the literature. Many are the tools required to carry out a tolerance analysis, and may be divided into two categories: the analytical models and the statistical software packages. No comparison exists in the literature among these two categories. Design/methodology/approach – This work presents a comparison between two different approaches to tolerance analysis: an analytical method, the variational model, and a statistical software, eM-Tolmate. The comparison has been developed on the same aeronautical case study that constitutes an actual product. Findings – The proposed approach has been applied to an aeronautical case study. The results of the case study show how, when 2D tolerance analysis problems need to be solved, the two adopted tools give the same results. When the complexity of the tolerance analysis problems increases, the statistical software becomes the only choice to use. The new findings of the present paper are related to the fact that computer-aided tolerance analysis software packages remain the only choice to approach actual complex industrial products despite the extensive development of theoretical research. Research limitations/implications – This paper deals with a unique case study. However, the two adopted approaches and the obtained results are general, that is, they may be applied to any assembly. Practical implications – Tolerance analysis is a valid tool to foresee geometric interferences among the components of an assembly, before getting the physical assembly. It involves a decrease of the manufacturing costs. Originality/value – Many are the tools for tolerance analysis, such as different analytical models and different commercial software packages. Some are the comparisons among the different tools in the literature, but they are not exhaustive. Therefore, when a user has to solve an assembly problem to foresee the geometric interferences during the design stage, he/she does not know what to choose. The original contribution of the paper is to address the user’s choice through a comparison between an analytical model and a statistical software to solve the tolerance analysis problems of an actual aeronautical assembly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142 - 157
Number of pages16
JournalAssembly Automation
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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