Toroidally asymmetric particle transport caused by phase-locking of MHD modes in RFX-mod

R. Lorenzini, D. Terranova, F. Auriemma, R. Cavazzana, P. Innocente, S. Martini, G. Serianni, M. Zuin

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The particle and energy transport in reversed field pinch experiments is affected by the locking in phase of the tearing modes, also dubbed dynamo modes, that sustain the magnetic configuration. In standard RFP pulses many m = 1 and m = 0 resonant modes have a relatively large amplitude (a spectrum dubbed MH for multiple helicity). The locking in phase of m = 1 tearing modes produces a helical deformation (locked mode (LM)) of the magnetic surfaces in a region of approximately 40 toroidal degrees. The region of the LM is characterized by a strong plasma-wall interaction and by high losses of energy and particles that account for a significant fraction of the input power and of the total particle outflux. The locking in phase of m = 0 modes modifies the plasma radius, shrinking and enlarging the plasma cross section in two wide toroidal regions of about 100°. The purpose of this paper is to investigate to what extent the locking in phase of m = 0 modes introduces toroidal asymmetries in the transport properties of the plasma. This study has been carried out investigating the shape of the density profile in the RFX-mod experiment. The analyses show that the profile exhibits a dependence on the toroidal angle, which is related to the deformation of the plasma column due to the locking in phase of m = 0 modes: the least steep density gradients at the edge are found in the region where the plasma column is shrunk, entailing that in this region the particle transport is enhanced. An analogous asymmetry also characterizes the density and magnetic fluctuations at the edge, which are enhanced in the same toroidal region where the particle transport also is enhanced. This result can be considered the first experimental evidence of an instability localized where the plasma column is shrunk. © 2007 IAEA, Vienna.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1468 - 1475
Number of pages8
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Lorenzini, R., Terranova, D., Auriemma, F., Cavazzana, R., Innocente, P., Martini, S., ... Zuin, M. (2007). Toroidally asymmetric particle transport caused by phase-locking of MHD modes in RFX-mod. Nuclear Fusion, 47(11), 1468 - 1475.