Tritium inventory and permeation in the ITER breeding blanket

V. Violante, S. Tosti, C. Sibilia, F. Felli, S. Casadio, C. Alvani

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A model has allowed us to perform the analysis of the tritium inventory and permeation in the international thermonuclear experimental reactor (ITER) breeding blanket under the hypothesis of steady state conditions. Li2ZrO3(reference) and Li2TiO3(alternative) have been studied as breeding materials. The total breeder inventory assessed is 7.64 g for the Li2ZrO3at reference temperature. The model has also been used for a parametric analysis of the tritium permeation. At reference temperature and purge helium velocity of 0.01 m/s, the HT partial pressure is ranging from 10 to 30 Pa in the breeder and 1.5×10-3Pa in the beryllium. At 0.1 m/s of purge helium velocity, the HT partial pressure is reduced of one order by magnitude in the breeder and becomes 5×10-5Pa in the beryllium. The tritium permeation into the coolant for the whole blanket is ranging from 100 to 250 mCi per day for purge helium velocity of 0.01 m/s. The analysis of the tritium inventory and permeation for the alternative Li2TiO3breeding material has been carried out too. The tritium inventory in the breeder is in the range from 6 to 375 g larger than in Li2ZrO3by about a factor 5; the tritium permeation into coolant is comparable to the Li2ZrO3one. This analysis provides indications on the influence of the operating parameters on the tritium control in the ITER breeding blanket; particularly the control of the tritium inventory by the temperature and the tritium permeation by the purge gas velocity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)697 - 701
Number of pages5
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue number50
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Violante, V., Tosti, S., Sibilia, C., Felli, F., Casadio, S., & Alvani, C. (2000). Tritium inventory and permeation in the ITER breeding blanket. Fusion Engineering and Design, 49(50), 697 - 701.