T. Maiani, P. De Bernardis, M. De Petris, S. Granata, S. Masi, A. Orlando, E. Aquilini, P. Cardoni, L. Martinis, F. Scaramuzzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


We describe the design, construction and performance of a double stage3He-4He refrigerator, built to cool down a multiband bolometric photometer at the MITO telescope. The fridge was optimized to work without external pumps, with the main cryostat providing a 4.2 K thermostat at sea level and a 4.0 K one at high mountain pressure conditions. The measured ultimate temperature of the fridge is 290 mK, with a hold time of 81 h. The external heat input on the cold flange is approximately 35 μW, with the main bath at 4.0 K. The recycle time is 8 h with a heat input on the thermostat during recycling of approximately 6800 J. The cryostat can operate without any relevant changes to performance tilted down to 50° from the vertical position, as needed at the telescope focal plane.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459 - 464
Number of pages6
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Maiani, T., De Bernardis, P., De Petris, M., Granata, S., Masi, S., Orlando, A., ... Scaramuzzi, F. (1999). Two-stage. Cryogenics, 39(5), 459 - 464.