The gaseous hydrogen iodide decomposition is a thermodynamically limited reaction and subsequently a considerable energy expense for the separation and recirculation of the unreacted species is required. In addition the homogeneous gas phase decomposition of hydrogen iodide has a very low rate and the use of a catalytic system, which is generally highly expensive, is necessary. Hence, with the aim of overcoming the bottleneck represented by the hydrogen releasing step of the Sulphur-Iodine (S-I) cycle in terms of costs and process efficiency, in the present work an alternative version of the HI decomposition section (HIxsection) is proposed. In that alternative configuration the addition of metallic nickel into the heavy phase coming from Bunsen reaction is conceived in order to quantitatively obtain hydrogen at low temperature. A theoretical and experimental investigation has been performed, a new cycle has been conceived and the resulting energy demand assessed. © 2008 International Association for Hydrogen Energy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology