UV Index monitoring in Europe

Alois W. Schmalwieser, Julian Gröbner, Mario Blumthaler, Barbara Klotz, Hugo De Backer, David Bolsée, Rolf Werner, Davor Tomsic, Ladislav Metelka, Paul Eriksen, Nis Jepsen, Margit Aun, Anu Heikkilä, Thierry Duprat, Henner Sandmann, Tilman Weiss, Alkis Bais, Zoltan Toth, Anna-Maria Siani, Luisa VaccaroHenri Diémoz, Daniele Grifoni, Gaetano Zipoli, Giuseppe Lorenzetto, Boyan H. Petkov, Alcide Giorgio Di Sarra, Francis Massen, Charles Yousif, Alexandr A. Aculinin, Peter Den Outer, Tove Svendby, Arne Dahlback, Bjørn Johnsen, Julita Biszczuk-Jakubowska, Janusz Krzyscin, Diamantino Henriques, Natalia Chubarova, Predrag Kolarž, Zoran Mijatovic, Drago Groselj, Anna Pribullova, Juan Ramon Moreta Gonzales, Julia Bilbao, José Manuel Vilaplana Guerrero, Antonio Serrano, Sandra Andersson, Laurent Vuilleumier, Ann Webb, John O'Hagan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Citations (Scopus)


The UV Index was established more than 20 years ago as a tool for sun protection and health care. Shortly after its introduction, UV Index monitoring started in several countries either by newly acquired instruments or by converting measurements from existing instruments into the UV Index. The number of stations and networks has increased over the years. Currently, 160 stations in 25 European countries deliver online values to the public via the Internet. In this paper an overview of these UV Index monitoring sites in Europe is given. The overview includes instruments as well as quality assurance and quality control procedures. Furthermore, some examples are given about how UV Index values are presented to the public. Through these efforts, 57% of the European population is supplied with high quality information, enabling them to adapt behaviour. Although health care, including skin cancer prevention, is cost-effective, a proportion of the European population still doesn't have access to UV Index information.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1349 - 1370
Number of pages22
JournalPhotochemical and Photobiological Sciences
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Schmalwieser, A. W., Gröbner, J., Blumthaler, M., Klotz, B., De Backer, H., Bolsée, D., Werner, R., Tomsic, D., Metelka, L., Eriksen, P., Jepsen, N., Aun, M., Heikkilä, A., Duprat, T., Sandmann, H., Weiss, T., Bais, A., Toth, Z., Siani, A-M., ... O'Hagan, J. (2017). UV Index monitoring in Europe. Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, 16(9), 1349 - 1370. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7pp00178a