Validation of the ITER-relevant passive-active-multijunction LHCD launcher on long pulses in Tore Supra

A. Ekedahl, L. Delpech, M. Goniche, D. Guilhem, J. Hillairet, M. Preynas, P.K. Sharma, J. Achard, Y.S. Bae, X. Bai, C. Balorin, Y. Baranov, V. Basiuk, A. B́ecoulet, J. Belo, G. Berger-By, S. Bremond, C. Castaldo, S. Ceccuzzi, R. CesarioE. Corbel, X. Courtois, J. Decker, E. Delmas, X. Ding, D. Douai, C. Goletto, J.P. Gunn, P. Hertout, G.T. Hoang, F. Imbeaux, K.K. Kirov, X. Litaudon, R. Magne, J. Mailloux, D. Mazon, F. Mirizzi, P. Mollard, P. Moreau, T. Oosako, V. Petrzilka, Y. Peysson, S. Poli, M. Prou, F. Saint-Laurent, F. Samaille, B. Saoutic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Citations (Scopus)


A new ITER-relevant lower hybrid current drive (LHCD) launcher, based on the passive-active-multijunction (PAM) concept, was brought into operation on the Tore Supra tokamak in autumn 2009. The PAM launcher concept was designed in view of ITER to allow efficient cooling of the waveguides, as required for long pulse operation. In addition, it offers low power reflection close to the cut-off density, which is very attractive for ITER, where the large distance between the plasma and the wall may bring the density in front of the launcher to low values. The first experimental campaign on Tore Supra has shown extremely encouraging results in terms of reflected power level and power handling. Power reflection coefficient <2% is obtained at low density in front of the launcher, i.e. close to the cut-off density, and very good agreement between the experimental results and the coupling code predictions is obtained. Long pulse operation at ITER-relevant power density has been demonstrated. The maximum power and energy reached so far is 2.7MW during 78 s, corresponding to a power density of 25MWm-2, i.e. its design value at f = 3.7 GHz. In addition, 2.7MWhas been coupled at a plasma-launcher distance of 10 cm, with a power reflection coefficient <2%. Finally, full non-inductive discharges have been sustained for 50 s with the PAM. © 2010 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Article number112002
Pages (from-to)-
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Ekedahl, A., Delpech, L., Goniche, M., Guilhem, D., Hillairet, J., Preynas, M., Sharma, P. K., Achard, J., Bae, Y. S., Bai, X., Balorin, C., Baranov, Y., Basiuk, V., B́ecoulet, A., Belo, J., Berger-By, G., Bremond, S., Castaldo, C., Ceccuzzi, S., ... Saoutic, B. (2010). Validation of the ITER-relevant passive-active-multijunction LHCD launcher on long pulses in Tore Supra. Nuclear Fusion, 50(11), -. [112002].