A facility for the characterization of superconducting strands at variable temperatures has been recently upgraded at ENEA. Measurement of transport properties of superconducting strands can be now carried out in the temperature range from 3.5 K to 15 K, with stability less than 10 mK, and in magnetic fields up to 12.5 T, covering a range of critical currents between a few Amperes, up to about 300 A. In this study we present the results of a measurement campaign carried out on NbTi wires, aimed also at comparing the performances of some available candidate strands, to be used in the design of the Toroidal Field Coils of the JT60-SA Tokamak, as well as in the design of the ITER high field Poloidal Field Coils, PF1 & 6. We measured strands with different diameters, and with Cu-nonCu ratios ranging between about 1.5, up to about 7. The measurements showed the critical behavior of the NbTi in the range of relatively high temperatures (T > 5.5 K) and high magnetic fields (B > 6 T), typical for large coils in fusion reactors, where Cable-in-Conduit Conductors are used and where temperature margins of at least 1K are required for a sound design. The experimental results highlighted the need for an optimization of the numerical fits normally used to predict NbTi critical current densities, starting from measurements performed at 4.2 K. Based on our results, we conclude that fit parameters for each NbTi strand should be inferred from experimental characterizations in the temperature and magnetic field range of interest for the design. © 2008 IOP Publishing Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
Affinito, L., Chiarelli, S., Corato, V., Della Corte, A., De Marzi, G., Di Zenobio, A., ... Turtù, S. (2008). Variable-temperature characterization of NbTi strands in the low critical-current density range. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 97(1), -. . https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/97/1/012306