What is needed in LENR/FPE studies?

Michael C.H. McKubre, Francis L. Tanzella

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

ICCF16 marks nearly 22 years of research into the phenomenon first called "cold fusion". This new field has expanded in breadth to the point that numerous acronyms compete to describe overlapping effects. Two of these are: LENR (Low Energy Nuclear Reactions) and its subset FPE (the Fleischmann Pons Effect). Research to elucidate the basic processes and shed light on mechanisms has proceeded effectively continuously since March 1989 at SRI and elsewhere, and diligently and as "time and funds" have allowed at numerous other accomplished institutions worldwide. It is now clear to a well-informed but relatively small group of scientifically interested individuals that the deuterium-palladium systems conceals a heat source with energy exceeding by several orders of magnitude mechanical, lattice storage or chemical energy effects. Evidences of possible dd fusion products have been widely and numerously observed, at least partially ratifying the original speculative designation of "cold fusion". The effect, however, is apparently not limited to deuterium as a fuel, to helium as a product or to palladium as a matrix, hence the classification of the field as Condensed Matter Nuclear Science (CMNS) to differentiate these "new" effects from those observed in the rarified environments of particle and plasma physics. The materials-related issues associated with the so-called irreproducibility of CMNS effects presents the greatest barrier to the advancement and acceptance of the field. Precisely because we are dealing with condensed matter, micro-structural and micro-impurity control is difficult and expensive, requiring specialized equipment, control and skill. Problems of similar scale (and origin) have been faced and overcome in the past in the development of technologies having similar significance for mankind. Two (of many) examples are: the development of solid-state semiconductors; implementation of conventional nuclear power (and weapons). Absent another Bell Labs or Manhattan Project how should the CMNS field best proceed?. Several overlapping options will be discussed. It is well within the capability of "mainstream" scientists and engineers in academia, and in national and private laboratories to resolve the materials issues and the questions of whether or not specific products are or are not present. Without funding they will not be encouraged to do so: without (a higher degree of) acceptance, adequate funding will not be made available. This paper will address various options and strategies to surmount this logical dilemma. © 2012 ISCMNS.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes
Event16th International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science 2011 - , India
Duration: 1 Jan 2011 → …

Conference

Conference16th International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science 2011
CountryIndia
Period1/1/11 → …

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

McKubre, M. C. H., & Tanzella, F. L. (2011). What is needed in LENR/FPE studies?. Paper presented at 16th International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science 2011, India.