Wind energy potential on the Mediterranean harbour breakwaters

F.G. G. Gaudiosicesari

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Wind turbine installations on breakwaters have recently begun to supply electricity for harbour services on the North European coasts (Belgium, The Netherlands, Denmark), where such developments are favoured by good wind regimes, site availability, and government policies promoting renewable energy. Similar WTG installations may be promoted on the Mediterranean, where land space is even more restricted but harbour and offshore areas are in some ways more suitable. There are about 100 major harbours unevenly distributed along the Mediterranean coast, the higher number being in the northern countries. The wind regimes are better in the North African harbours, where the annual mean wind velocity is 5-7 m/s compared with 5-6 for Southern Europe, but these have shorter breakwaters. The cost per kWh should be 7-10 cents ECU (8-13 cents US). Environmental problems such as visual impact, noise and electromagnetic interference are not expected to be significant, but the authorisation procedure for WTG siting would need to be clarified. -from Authors
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152 - 167
Number of pages16
JournalWind Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

G. Gaudiosicesari, F. G. (1993). Wind energy potential on the Mediterranean harbour breakwaters. Wind Engineering, 17(4), 152 - 167.