Workplace testing of the new single sphere neutron spectrometer based on Dysprosium activation foils (Dy-SSS)

R. Bedogni, J.M. Gómez-Ros, A. Esposito, A. Gentile, M. Chiti, L. Palacios-Pérez, M. Angelone, L. Tana

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Abstract

A photon insensitive passive neutron spectrometer consisting of a single moderating polyethylene sphere with Dysprosium activation foils arranged along three perpendicular axes was designed by CIEMAT and INFN. The device is called Dy-SSS (Dy foil-based Single Sphere Spectrometer). It shows nearly isotropic response in terms of neutron fluence up to 20 MeV. The first prototype, previously calibrated with 14 MeV neutrons, has been recently tested in workplaces having different energy and directional distributions. These are a 2.5 MeV nearly mono-chromatic and mono-directional beam available at the ENEA Frascati Neutron Generator (FNG) and the photo-neutron field produced in a 15 MV Varian CLINAC DHX medical accelerator, located in the Ospedale S. Chiara (Pisa). Both neutron spectra are known through measurements with a Bonner Sphere Spectrometer. In both cases the experimental response of the Dy-SSS agrees with the reference data. Moreover, it is demonstrated that the spectrometric capability of the new device are independent from the directional distribution of the neutron field. This opens the way to a new generation of moderation-based neutron instruments, presenting all advantages of the Bonner sphere spectrometer without the disadvantage of the repeated exposures. This concept is being developed within the NESCOFI@BTF project of INFN (Commissione Scientifica Nazionale 5). © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105 - 108
Number of pages4
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume684
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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